Three-faced bull

Three faced nandi at Hampi

Three faced nandi at Hampi

This unique three-headed nandi is in the Virupaksha temple, Hampi, Karnataka. I have not seen such nandi anywhere else. The three faces are supposed to symbolize three kaalaas – the past, the present, and the future. Or do they represent the Trinity?


Your views, please.



Ravana offering his head : Ellora

Ravana offering his heads

Ravana offering his heads

Cave 16 (Kailasa) at Ellora.

Ravana, a great devotee of Shiva is doing severe penance to get ‘Atma Linga’ from Shiva so that his mother Kaikeshi could pray. Not getting any response initially from Shiva, Ravana cuts off his heads one by one. When he was about to offer the last head, Shiva appears and concedes his request.

Ravana’s heads are supposed to represent his intimate knowledge of the six Shastras and the four Vedas.

Another belief is that the heads symbolize the ten senses and emotions viz. Kaama (lust) Krodha (anger) Moha (delusion) Lobha (greed) Mada (pride) Maatsarya (envy) Manas (the mind) Buddhi (intellect) Chitta (will), and Ahamkara (ego)

Other Ravana tales:

Ravana shaking Mount Kailash – Banteay Srei


Hanging Pillar – An architectural marvel

The highly talked about, but the least understood feature at Lepakshi is the hanging pillar. the main mandap has 70 pillars. One of them is unique.It appears to hang from the top as it does not rest on the floor. One can draw a paper or a piece of cloth under the pillar. The science behind  this architectural feature remains a mystery. A British official tried to study this column but only succeeded in dislodging it from the original, thus dangerously skewing the structure. Wisely, he abandoned any further invasive investigation. 

The hanging column of Lepakshi- an architectural mystery.

The pillar in Belur is also an architectural curiosity. It appears to be supported only on three sides. It is a stand-alone pillar and not part of a mandapam. 

Belur Pillar